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Renaissance Village

4/28/ 2 10:33: QKW_RITE: GatherM3Ms: Data ID 3157

Needs Statement for Renaissance Village (tables w/ LN)

(this report was created 11/18/14 22:25)

The FBI publishes "Uniform Crime Reports" every year reporting in greatest detail for "indexed crimes". Indexed crimes include violent crimes (murder & nonnegligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault) and property crime (burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson). (Note: arson is normally not included in the "crime index" because it is inconsistently reported by various jurisdictions, but it is included in the "modified crime index".)

Teenagers are 3.5 times for more likely to commit serious crimes than the average American. The highest crime rate of all is for youngsters 16 and 17 years old, four times the rate for all Americans. (this report was created 11/18/14 22:25)

Crime Rate by Age (total U.S., 1990)

  Crimes Population Crimes/1000 People
Under 9 19474 36,453,622 0.5
10 - 12 73167 10,489,917 7
Subtotal 12 & under 92641 46,943,539 2
13 - 14 169630 6,624,332 25.6
15 120903 3,321,609 36.4
16 134482 3,304,890 40.7
17 137721 3,410,062 40.4
18 133622 3,641,238 36.7
19 118435 4,076,216 29.1
Subtotal 13-19 814793 24,378,347 33.4
20 99501 4,009,414 24.8
21 86814 3,817,220 22.7
22 77921 3,731,226 20.9
23 74258 3,731,226 19.9
24 72062 3,731,226 19.3
Subtotal 20-24 410556 19,020,312 21.6
25 - 29 337643 21,313,045 15.8
30 - 34 268812 21,862,887 12.3
35 - 39 174187 19,963,117 8.7
Subtotal 25-39 780642 63,139,049 12.4
40 - 44 97441 17,615,786 5.5
45 - 49 51184 13,872,573 3.7
50 - 54 29455 11,350,513 2.6
55 - 59 19000 10,531,756 1.8
60 - 64 13548 10,616,167 1.3
64+ (99) 18961 31,241,831 0.6
Subtotal 40 & over 229589 95,228,626 2.4
Total 2,328,221 248,709,873 9.4

"Between 1985 and 1995, violent crime arrest rates increased substantially for all ages..., with the rates for juveniles ages 14, 15 or 16 up more than 80%. The violent crime arrest rate for 17-year-olds increased more than 70%." The only other age group with with increases this great was the 35-39 year old age group. Regardless of the age of those arrested, property crime arrest rates changed little between 1985 and 1995. (this report was created 11/18/14 22:25)

Trends in Juvenile Crime Arrest Rates by Age

Age Violent Crimes - 1985 Violent Crimes - 1995 Violent Crimes - % Change Property Crimes - 1985 Property Crimes - 1995 Property Crimes - % Change
Under 12 56.39 88.56 157 774.56 729.94 94.2
12-14 251.91 460.2 182.7 2495 2825 113.2
15 446.1 808.99 181.3 3549 3882 109.4
16 565.91 1023 180.7 3778 4151 109.9
17 651.12 1114 171.1 3756 3900 103.8
18 649.47 1162 179 3361 3554 105.8
19 622.49 995.28 159.9 2695 2652 98.4
20 590.74 902.39 152.8 2202 2048 93
21 585.9 884.79 151 1933 1787 92.5
22 568.19 845.34 148.8 1748 1596 91.3
23 541.55 784.29 144.8 1587 1474 92.9
24 523.4 727.37 139 1434 1368 95.4
25-29 434.3 656.54 151.2 1182 1265 107
30-34 310.69 547.1 176.1 872.61 1092 125.2
35-39 219.64 409.25 186.3 600.89 842.26 140.2
40-44 159.5 266.62 167.2 414.67 565.54 136.4
45-49 112.74 165.36 146.7 310.34 333.95 107.6
50-54 76.43 106.06 138.8 244.52 201 82.2
55-59 50.54 67.99 134.5 179.02 128.49 71.8
60-64 31.78 43.4 136.6 131.53 87.08 66.2

Teenage gangs are becoming an increasing threat to the safety of responsible teens and to the futures of young people drawn into gangs. Increasing gang activity is reported even in prosperous communities like Boca Raton, Florida, and Santa Barbara, California. (this report was created 11/18/14 22:25)

In March, 1994, "local youth gang experts" estimated that Broward had 30-40 gangs (with up to 60 smaller, less developed gangs) and as many as 3000 youths affiliated with a gang (including youths classified as associates or "wannabe's" who had not yet reached full membership).

In December, 1993, 63 youth gangs were charted by Broward County law enforcement agencies throughout the County. Gang infiltration was discovered in 18 Broward cities and in unincorporated Broward County. Some type of gang activity was found in almost every community within Broward County.

Police estimates show an enormous increase in street gang activity in Broward County since organized gangs were first detected in 1987, when there were an estimated 5 gangs. In 1995, that estimate had increased to 60 gangs in Broward County.

From an interview of 50 randomly selected Broward County youth who were active gang members during late 1992 and 1993, the respondents, representing a cross-section of 23 different gangs, reported that: (this report was created 11/18/14 22:25)

89% of their fellow gang members had been arrested at least once since joining;

66% of respondents had been arrested 1-10 times (average 8); of these, almost two-thirds had been arrested for at least one violent felony crime;

76% sold drugs (of these, 38% reported they sold drugs on a daily basis);

47% admitted they personally owned at least one gun (of these, almost 91% of the weapons were more lethal than small-caliber handguns); and

two-thirds admitted that most of their fellow gang members owned guns.

(from the Interim Report of the Broward County Grand Jury, Fall Term, 1993, on Youth Gang Investigation). (this report was created 11/18/14 22:25)

"Six percent (of murders in the U.S. in 1995) were juvenile gang killings, which were up 38% over the past 5 years." 96% of juvenile gang killings in 1995 were by means of firearms. (FBI, Uniform Crime Reports, 1995, pages 17, 20, 21, 58). (this report was created 11/18/14 22:25)

Trends in Indexed Crimes

  1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Total number          
Juvenile gang killings 840 813 1145 1157 1157
Total murders 21676 22716 23180 22084 20043
Total indexed crimes 14,872,900 14,438,200 14,144,800 13,989,500 13,867,100
% change vs. 1991          
Juvenile gang killings   -3.2 36.3 37.7 37.7
Total murders   4.8 6.9 1.9 -7.5
Total indexed crimes   -2.9 -4.9 -5.9 -6.8

The following table was excerpted from the "Monitoring the Future Study" and published in Newsweek Magazine, August 26, 1996, page 56). (this report was created 11/18/14 22:25)

Eighth Graders Who Have Used Drugs in their Lifetime

from a 22 year study conducted by the Univ. of Michigan

(in percentages of all eighth graders)
  1991 1995 % change
Crack 1.3 2.7 208
Heroin 1.2 2.3 192
Marijuana 10.2 19.9 195
Cocaine 2.3 4.2 183
Hallucinogens 3.2 5.2 163
Stimulants 10.5 13.1 125
Tranquilizers 3.8 4.5 118
Cigarettes 44 46.4 105
Been drunk 26.7 25.3 95

According to the Center for Disease Control, suicide rates for youths 15-19 quadrupled in this country between the years of 1950 (2.7 per 100,000) and 1988 (11.3 per 100,000).

As part of the 1990 Youth Risk Behavior Survey of U.S. high school students in grades 9-12, students in the study were asked whether they had seriously thought about suicide in the previous 12 months, whether they had made a specific plan about how they would accomplish suicide, how many times they had attempted it, and whether the suicide attempt(s) required medical attention. 27.3% of U.S. high school students reported they had thought seriously about suicide, 16.3% had made specific plans, 8.3% had made one or more suicide attempts, and 2.1% had required medical attention because of their suicide attempt(s).

Suicide is the second leading cause of death in Broward County of persons 15-24 (accidents being the leading cause). The rate per 100,000 population for persons 15-24 is 15.3 in Broward. In Florida, the rate is 14.4 and is the third most frequent cause of death (Florida Vital Statistics, 1993). (this report was created 11/18/14 22:25)

The fastest growing age group in Florida in the past 15 years was kids below fifteen years of age. Now those kids are becoming teenagers and young adults. The fastest growing segment of the Florida population between now and the year 2010 will be kids 15-19. There were 1.2 million teenagers in 1995 in Florida and there will be nearly 1.7 million by the year 2010, an increase of 36%. The total population of Florida is expected to increase by 26% during this time (from 14.1 to 17.8 million). (Florida Demographic Estimating Conference database). (this report was created 11/18/14 22:25)

Florida Population by Age Group and Fifteen Year Growth

  1980 1995 2010
Population      
Under 4 570287 993051 1,058,176
4 - 9 621601 898399 1,028,316
9 - 14 685082 855167 1,062,673
14 - 17 482915 453959 648444
17 - 19 328494 347803 491743
19 - 24 811475 895074 1,112,793
25+ 6,247,107 9,705,864 12,433,926
All people 9,746,961 14,149,317 17,836,071
Percent change      
Under 4 100 174.1 106.6
4 - 9 100 144.5 114.5
9 - 14 100 124.8 124.3
14 - 17 100 94 142.8
17 - 19 100 105.9 141.4
19 - 24 100 110.3 124.3
25+ 100 155.4 128.1
All people 100 145.2 126.1

The Florida Kids Count Data Book is published annually by the Florida Center for Children and Youth in Tallahassee and the Florida Mental Health Institute at the University of South Florida. It provides information for each county in Florida on population by age, education, birth indicators, children in poverty, child well-being, and youth and the law. The following information is provided for the eight counties of southeast Florida. (this report was created 11/18/14 22:25)

Status of Children

  Total Indian River Okeechobee St. Lucie Martin Palm Beach Broward Dade Monroe
Total Population 4,756,877 97415 32325 166803 110227 937190 1,340,220 1,990,445 82252
Children <18 1,069,788 18686 9049 38900 20484 191935 281056 494907 14771
Children 15-19 253696 5063 2295 9251 4858 43510 66252 119144 3323
Persons age 20-24 272722 4766 2183 9071 5352 45526 71752 129655 4417
Student enrollment (pre-K to 12) 717911 13165 6305 26213 13654 127506 199362 322326 9380
Graduation rate (%) 71 66 67.6 63 79.8 66.2 70.6 73.9 66.5
Non-promotions 25932 476 349 903 483 6364 3869 13328 160
Dropouts 11117 135 123 397 117 1872 1699 6637 137
Number of disciplinary actions 116123 3675 1564 6072 3155 17424 28856 53854 1523
Corporal punishments 132 63 69            
In-school suspensions 62008 2106 493 2578 1783 8532 14626 30997 893
Out-of-school suspensions 53828 1485 981 3392 1372 8882 14230 22857 629
Other disciplinary actions 155 21 21 102   10     1
Births 70837 937 478 2212 1137 12758 19488 32913 914
Birth rate (per 1000 population) 14.8 9.5 14.7 13.1 10.3 13.5 14.5 16.5 11
Births to unwed mothers 26310 324 177 838 413 4350 6568 13349 291
Births to unwed mothers (%) 37.1 34.6 37 37.9 36.4 34.1 33.7 40.6 31.8
Births to unwed mothers <20 6598 131 67 252 120 1177 1607 3189 55
Births to unwed mothers <20 (%) 9.3 14 14 11.4 10.6 9.2 8.2 9.7 6
Births to unwed mothers over 20 19702 193 110 586 292 3172 4958 10155 236
Births to unwed mothers over 20 (%) 27.8 20.6 23 26.5 25.7 24.9 25.4 30.9 25.8
Births to mothers <20 7986 163 115 332 147 1405 1837 3909 78
Births to mothers <20 (%) 11.3 17.4 24.1 15 13 11 9.4 11.9 8.5
Teen birth rate age 15-19 65.6 66.8 107.7 71 63.2 63.7 54.2 65.1 54.5
Births with early prenatal care 57065 713 370 1719 858 10095 16149 26379 782
Births with early prenatal care (%) 81.4 77.1 77.7 77.9 75.7 79.9 84.7 80.8 86.6
Low birth weight births 5589 55 38 168 82 1024 1582 2585 55
Low birth weight births (%) 7.9 5.9 7.9 7.6 7.2 8 8.1 7.9 6
Child deaths age 1-14 323 9 7 15 6 53 82 147 4
Teen violent deaths age 15-19 174 2 1 6 4 30 41 88 2
Teen violent death rate age 15-19(/10k) 6.9 3.9 4.3 6.4 8.2 6.9 6.2 7.4 6
Runaways 14405 348 129 690 290 2758 4188 5840 162
Children in poverty age <18 190594 2087 2253 7301 2417 25176 37717 111739 1904
Children in poverty age <18 (%) 20.5 12.4 29.5 21.4 14 15.1 15 24.3 14.5
Delinquency cases received 51127 1020 487 1839 1037 8594 15090 22538 522
Delinquency cases received-youths 30817 665 283 1280 651 5243 8907 13453 335
Juvenile detentions 8522 198 122 514 161 2026 2776 2615 110
Juvenile detentions-youths 5623 126 72 374 99 1331 1763 1769 89
Transfers to adult court 2486 15 18 77 52 525 432 1352 15
Transfers to adult court-youths 1784 14 16 60 36 383 321 945 9

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